Even though the core-formed industry dominated cup manufacture in the Greek world, casting techniques also played out an important role in the advancement glass in the ninth to fourth centuries B. C. Cast glass was manufactured in two basic ways-through the lost-wax method and with various open and plunger forms. The most common method used by Roman glassmakers for most of the open-form cups and bowls in the first century B. C. was the Hellenistic technique of sagging wine glass (81. 10. 243) over the convex "former" mold. Nevertheless , various casting and reducing methods were continuously exploited as style and well-known preference demanded. The Romans also adopted and quoted various color and style schemes from the Hellenistic wine glass traditions, applying such patterns as network glass and gold-band glass to narrative shapes and forms. Distinctly Roman innovations in fabric styles and colors include marbled mosaic glass, short-strip mosaic decanter or glass, and the crisp, lathe-cut single profiles of a new breed of great as monochrome and without color tablewares of the early disposition, introduced around 20 A. D. This class of glassware became one of the most favorite styles because it closely resembled luxury items such as the highly valued rock crystal items, Augustan Arretine ceramics (as 10. 210. 37), and bronze and silver tablewares (as 20. 49. 2-12) so favored by the noble and prosperous classes of Roman society. In fact , these types of fine wares were the sole glass objects continually produced via casting, even up to the as Late Flavian, Trajanic, and Hadrianic periods (96-138 A. D. ), after glassblowing superceded casting seeing that the dominant method of glassware manufacture in the early first of all century A. D. SOMETIME AROUND 70 B. C., in Jerusalem, someone realized that, if you took a wineglass tube -- then the stock for mass production of beads -- sealed 1 end and blew in the other, you could create a glass bulb. Blow hard enough and long enough, and you could make a small bottle. This was glassblowing at its most primitive. It is quite possible that, without further refinement, this moment of experimentation may have passed unnoticed. A couple of many years later, however , the introduction of a separate blowpipe, together with a tool-kit of variously-sized pincers and paddles, made it possible to blow and shape wineglass with much greater control, and with much greater novelty.
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